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Archive for the ‘Natural Fibers’ Category

Natural Fibers For Clothing Apparel

Thursday, January 13th, 2011

The use of natural fibers in apparels may have started way back thousands of years ago but the exact date is unknown as historians realized that countries that came to discover these fibers guarded their discoveries with all their might. Flax is generally considered to be the oldest natural textile fiber and the use of it into weaving dates back to the Egyptian dynasties where flax were woven into linen and sewn as shrouds used in burying their pharaohs. Flax is grown in temperate and sub-tropical areas such as Russia, France, Belgium, Spain, Egypt, and among others. Today, flax is not only grown for the purpose of fabric manufacturing but also because of its oil-rich seeds. Cotton, which is often spun into yarn or thread, is a native to the Americas, Pakistan, Africa and India. It has been spun, woven and dyed to clothe the ancient people of India, Egypt and China. Because cotton is highly absorbent, it is generally used in making bath towels, robes, blue jeans, socks, underwear, most T-shirts, bed sheets and yarn for knitting and crochet works. In addition to garment manufacturing, cotton is also used in fishnets, coffee filters and oil from cotton seeds.

It is believed that silk was discovered by a Chinese princess and silk cultivation and manufacturing were made in secret by the Chinese for over 3,000 years while India developed the silk culture when a Chinese princess married an Indian prince. Silk are produced by insects but the most popular of it is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm. Because of its absorbency, it is used mainly during warm season and its low conductivity keeps the skin warm during winter. Silk is widely used in making lingerie, ties, blouses, formal dresses, parachutes, comforter filling, and among others.

Wool, which is largely produced in Australia followed by New Zealand, is a textile fiber obtained from the hairs of animals such as sheep, goats, camel and rabbits. Wool is primarily used in the production of blankets, horse rugs and saddles, carpets and in some heavy machineries and radio speakers. It is also used as a cloth diaper covers because of its hydrophobic characteristics that repel water and the interior of the wool is used as a covering for wet diapers because of its ability to attract water thus the outer portion remain dry. Today, wool remains the most versatile such that its quality has never been duplicated by man-made or synthetic fiber.